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Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) is using their established power engineering education training center to provide Smart Grid education and training to diverse groups, such as power industry employees, union workers, college and high school students, high school teachers, Veterans, lawyers, entrepreneurs, and information technology professionals. IIT??s Smart Grid Education and Workforce Training Center is a collaborative effort of 100 participating members including three domestic and five international universities, 49 community colleges, high schools, six city and government organizations, eight labor unions and councils, one national laboratory, six power transmission and distribution systems operators, five professional training organizations, 17 Smart Grid manufacturers and software companies, and 13 energy consulting services. Educational options include university-level four-year degree programs, graduate programs, certificate programs, Associate degree programs, short courses and workshops. The Center is equipped with state-of-the-art software, including Areva T&D??s Dispatcher Training and , and OSIsoft??s PI power grid monitoring and control software. IIT??s campus is home to the first-of-its kind Perfect Power microgrid ??? Smart Grid deployment that provides perfect reliability, enhanced efficiency, and energy sustainability. IIT??s is located near one of the nation??s largest utilities, Exelon/ComEd, who will use the Center to upgrade employee skills and train new workers. IIT and its partners plan to grow the program through the use of web-enabled courses and a fee-based membership program.
Consolidated Edison of New York (ConEd) is developing a training program to prepare their workforce to implement advanced capabilities, such as rapid restoration and grid reconfiguration, for their electric and its customers. The curriculum includes three modules: a selection module that enable??s ConEd to select appropriate personnel; a training module that develops the training curriculum based on industry needs; and a qualification module consisting of formal written and practical examinations that verify skill levels and qualification. The curriculum includes remote operation of reclosers, switches (SF6), regulators, sophisticated capacitor band controllers, supervisory controls, communication systems (SCADA, Smart Grid), and sectionalizers. It also includes the management of these systems and the successful completion of North American Electric Reliability Corporation Critical Infrastructure Protection training. A novel training feature of ConEd??s training is the use of simulators in a distribution control center environment that includes an integrated use of SCADA, risk management, analysis, and response.
Amber Kinetics is developing a flywheel from sub-scale research prototype to full-scale mechanical flywheel battery and will conduct both a commercial-scale and a utility-scale demonstration. The goal is to deliver a cost-effective prototype flywheel that can be grid connected and electrically charged and discharged. The will have built-in sensing components that can determine frequency and voltage characteristics of the grid and can override the grid signal to manage the amount of electricity discharged. The flywheel stores energy in a spinning rotor that is connected to an electric motor that converts into mechanical energy. To recover the energy the motor is electrically reversed and used as a generator to slow down the flywheel converting the mechanical energy back into . Amber Kinetics will improve the traditional flywheel by engineering breakthroughs in three areas, resulting in higher efficiency and radically reduced cost: magnetic bearings, low-cost rotor, and high-efficiency motor generator. This technology can also be used to optimize existing infrastructure.
The Ohio State University (OSU) is developing courses and web-enabled distance learning systems to educate next-generation engineering students and electric power engineers from power companies and manufacturers. The I-SMART curriculum will bridge the gap between basic education for the electric power sector and the needs of the Smart Grid, such as power electronics, distributed control, networks and communications, sustainable energy, clean coal technology, high voltage engineering, and game theory-based policy and pricing. OSU will use its novel Hardware-in-the-Loopbased Virtual Smart Grid Test Platform as a training tool to simulate Smart Grid sub-systems. As a partner, American Electric Power will use their gridSMART SM facilities for demonstrations and tours, and will provide expertise in course development.
FirstEnergy Services Corporation??s (FirstEnergy??s) Smart Grid Modernization Initiative (SGMI) involved deployment of advanced metering infrastructure (AMI), (DA), volt/VAR optimization (VVO), time-based rate programs, direct control (DLC) devices, and customer systems in parts of New Jersey, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. SGMI??s Ohio footprint covered a 400-square-mile area southeast of Cleveland. Smart meters were piloted in Ohio, and a statistically rigorous study assessed impacts and customer acceptance of time-based rate programs. DA equipment deployed in New Jersey, Ohio, and Pennsylvania included reclosers, capacitor banks and grid sensing devices. VVO equipment, deployed in Ohio and Pennsylvania, included capacitor banks and tap changer regulator controls. Advanced control devices were deployed in New Jersey and Pennsylvania.
The Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc. (Con Edison) Smart Grid Deployment project involves the deployment of smart grid systems and components to enhance electric distribution planning and operations. It is aimed at reducing operations and maintenance costs and deferring distribution capacity investments while increasing distribution efficiency, reliability, and power quality. The project is deploying various types of equipment such as substation and feeder monitors, automated switches, and capacitor automation devices on 1,388 feeder lines to improve operational efficiency and control. When combined with the integration of distribution management systems and (SCADA) systems, the automated devices allow Con Edison to better control its distribution and improve the reliability of its electricity service.
Southern California Edison (SCE) is conducting an end-to-end demonstration of numerous Smart Grid technologies necessary to meet state and federal policy goals for the year 2020. The Irvine Smart Grid Demonstration (ISGD) project will investigate the use of to enable deep, substation-level situational awareness. The project will also evaluate the latest generation of technologies, including looped 12 kV distribution circuit topology utilizing universal remote circuit interrupters. Advanced Volt/VAR Control capabilities will also be used to demonstrate customer energy consumption savings through conservation voltage reduction. The project scope includes customer homes, where the integration, monitoring, control, and efficacy of devices such as energy management systems, smart appliances, energy storage, and photovoltaic systems will be demonstrated. The impact of device-specific response (DR), as well as management capabilities involving energy storage devices and plug-in electric vehicle charging equipment will also be assessed. DR events will use the protocol standards being adopted by Advanced Metering Infrastructure programs such as Edison SmartConnect??. The project results will also demonstrate the next generation of Substation Automation (SA-3), an automation and control design based on the open standard IEC-61850. This is expected to provide measurable engineering, operations, and maintenance benefits through improved safety, security, and reliability.
City of Auburn SmartGRID project involves a city-wide deployment of advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) and implementation of equipment, which includes circuit switches, capacitors, voltage regulators, indicators, , and equipment sensors. The City of Auburn (Auburn) expects the smart meters to reduce meter-reading costs, lower vehicle emissions, and enable advanced electric services for its customers. These services include an enhanced Web portal and the introduction of time-based rate programs. Overall, the project aims to reduce operations and maintenance costs, improve reliability, reduce outage duration, reduce peak loads, and reduce overall energy usage across the Auburn??s service territory.??
This FirstEnergy/MonPower RDSI demonstrates improved distribution performance, reliability, and security of electric supply through the integration of distributed resources. The West Virginia Super Circuit (WVSC) is a smart grid demonstration project led by FirstEnergy. Its subsidiary MonPower is working with selected partners and vendors to demonstrate improved distribution performance, reliability, and security of electric supply through the integration of distributed resources and advanced technologies.
Increasing Con Edison's ability to harness response resources is a key to limiting in one of the largest and most complex electric power systems in the world. This project demonstrates methods to enhance the integration of response resources into the distribution network to enhance its reliability and efficiency. This project demonstrates the required software, protocols and communication infrastructure required to enable distributed resources to improve control, increase efficiency and reliability, and optimize these resources in the distribution network. Interoperability is being demonstrated by the ability to integrate the operation of a variety of conventional and renewable response resources into the existing distribution network. A goal of this project is to develop standards that will excite non-participating distributed resources to consider being engaged in this kind of program.
Small Business Demand Response with Communicating Thermostats: SMUD's Summer Solutions Research Pilot - September 2009
Sacramento Municipal Utility District’s (SMUD) SmartSacramento Project involves system-wide deployment of an advanced metering system integrated with existing enterprise and information technology systems as well as a partial deployment of advanced distribution grid assets that equip SMUD’s distribution circuits with automated control and operation capabilities. The project also involves customer systems that provide usage and cost information to customers that educate and enable more control over their consumption. These systems enable more informed participation by customers and more effective management by SMUD to improve reliability and efficiency of grid operations and better optimize the use of assets. The project includes a field test of plug-in electric vehicle charging stations to assess their technical performance, vehicle charging patterns, and effects on electric distribution system operations.
The California Smart Grid Workforce Development Network (CSGWDN) is supporting the development of California??s Smart Grid workforce by engaging electric utilities, California State University campuses, California community colleges, labor unions, and Smart Grid manufacturers in workforce training in advanced power technology. The partners have identified the need to train 897 incumbent engineers, 521 new hire engineers, and 1,306 craft and technical workers over the next five years. CSGWDN is creating, executing, and evolving a statewide workforce development strategy through degree and certificate programs by connecting Smart Grid technology advances to workforce needs. Two webinars will be conducted to advance the professional development of professors and instructors at participating education locations. The program will be made available to the remaining 23-campus California State University .
Washington State University, in collaboration with 11 partners, is developing and delivering six undergraduate courses and 12 graduate courses in Smart Grid engineering. Undergraduate courses provide power engineering fundamentals and Smart Grid basics. Graduate courses are in the areas of clean energy generation technologies, Smart Grid technologies, Smart Grid planning, and Smart Grid operation. Most of the course development will be done at Washington State University and the University of Washington. Due to their expertise, specialized parts of the courses will be developed by Pacific Northwest National Labs, Incremental Systems, Areva T&D;, and the Bonneville Power Administration. The remaining organizations will review courseware, participate in its initial delivery, and provide course assessments. This project utilizes computerized delivery mechanisms, such as electronic blackboards and video-streaming that will be continually upgrade to reflect technological change.
St. Louis Community College (STLCC), and partner AmerenUE, will recruit and train linemen in the Greater St. Louis region for high-tech jobs in the electric power industry. AmerenUE will train 90 displaced workers in a five-week, 200-hour pre-employment training program. AmerenUE will select 60 of these individuals to participate in its own internal screening and selection process and will place 45 in the lineman apprenticeship program. Training will include pole climbing, technical reading, math, and physical conditioning. Past experience has shown that candidates have found pole climbing particularly difficult. STLCC and AmerenUE will help mitigate that difficulty by installing a practice pole yard. STLCC will use retired lineman as trainers to give students real-world experience.
Savannah Technical College, in collaboration with regional electric power companies and Savannah State University (SSU), is developing and delivering courses in electrical utility technology to address the shortage of qualified utility technicians and mid-level technical personnel in Southeast Georgia and the South Carolina Low country. The program will include an Advanced Technician certificate track and an Associate degree track. Incorporation of emerging trends differentiates this program through instruction on Smart Grid, mini-grids, renewable energy, and utility tie-in of distributed sources. Expertise will be enlisted from industry, academia, and vocational/ technical education. Training will be integrated into existing trade and apprenticeship programs. The curriculum increases the number of well-trained, technically-current and certified electric utility technical personnel; enables electric utilities to expand and embrace emerging technology; contributes to the increase in per capita income in the service area by upgrading skills; and equips program graduates with technical knowledge that enables them to succeed in baccalaureate degree programs in electric power-related disciplines.
Saint Paul College (SPC) is developing knowledge and skills for students in the energy process, the power industry, and in Smart Grid technology. The program is designed to meet a variety of student needs, including a two-semester certificate for entry level skills, a four-semester diploma, and a six-semester Associate degree attainable by both certificate and diploma graduates. New equipment will be purchased following the successful recruitment of two new program faculty. SPC is directly recruiting and marketing the training program, implementing a continuous evaluation process, and is monitoring enrollment to ensure program support.
Detroit Edison’s (DTE’s) SmartCurrentsSM project involved deployment of distribution automation (DA) assets on 55 circuits, an advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) system to support 725,000 meters, a meter data management system (MDMS), a distribution management system (DMS), and various customer systems, including a new web portal, in-home displays, and programmable communicating thermostats. The DA component included implementation of automated switches and monitors for improved volt/VAR control at 11 substations. DTE also piloted a time-based rate program to assess demand response potential and customer acceptance. The project improved distribution system reliability, operational efficiency, and power quality. DTE also enabled customers to make more informed decisions about electricity usage to control costs.
The Community College of Rhode Island (CCRI) and industry partner, National Grid, are developing and implementing a new one-year Energy Utility Technology certificate and a redesigned two-year Engineering Systems Technology Associate degree focused on the electric power industry. The certificate program is based on a program developed and tested at three Massachusetts community colleges. The curriculum is designed to address the economic needs of the region, train incumbent and future workers, and prepare graduates to contribute to the state??s workforce at various positions of the energy industry. The certificate includes classroom and laboratory training, and a capstone on-the-job practicum with the industry partner. Students for the program will be recruited from partnering high schools, workforce development clients, and returning military. This effort will include high school visits, campus tours, open house events, and job placement assistance for program graduates.
Princeton Energy Resources International (PERI) is teaming with a local a community college and two rural electric cooperatives to provide training and workforce development to accelerate the use of sustainable energy resources in the Mid-Atlantic region. Working with Worchester and Wicomico Community College, PERI is developing and implementing an Associate degree program in Electrical Engineering, an Associate of Applied Sciences degree in Environmental Engineering Technology, and a certificate program in alternative energy. A distance learning component will be added to the program to provide further outreach to electric cooperatives. The PERI team is also assisting Salisbury University in the development of a Rural Energy Business Administration Certificate program that focuses on business issues related to sustainable and renewable energy. To further enrich the learning experience, Choptank Electric Cooperative is implementing hands-on training at their wind and solar data collection laboratory. Mentorships and scholarships are supported by the Maryland Energy Administration and the Old Dominion Electric Cooperative.
Pratt Community college is forming the Kansas Community College Energy Consortium to develop training that meets the needs of the electric power industry. This project is incorporating Smart Grid training into electric power lineman, power plant, and information network certificates and AAS curricula statewide. Opportunities for power career exploration and training is provided for both new and incumbent workers. Web-based training will be utilized to enhance the training experience and to reach a larger number of participants.
This project trains the next generation of electric utility technicians in four primary areas: 1) Customer engagement with adoption of energy efficiency, dynamic pricing, direct control and distributed generation programs, 2) Deployment and operation of smart metering, control, and grid optimization infrastructure, 3) The implementation, operation and control of a two-way communications infrastructure, 4) Compliance with standards to ensure interoperability and cyber security.
The GridSTAR Center will provide education and training of a workforce needed to design, construct, and operate a reliable, secure, economical, energy efficient, and safe Smart Grid. Operations will begin at University Park and will include two satellite locations: the Philadelphia Navy Yard and the Pittsburgh Green Innovators at the former Pittsburgh Public Vocational-Technical High School. The GridSTAR Center is coordinating with a diverse team of utility, energy management, manufacturing, and training partners to provide systems-based continuing education and train-the-trainer programs in advanced power systems design, energy economics, cyber security, distributed energy generation, and building-vehicle-grid systems.